In the process of learning Chinese, word discrimination is the most difficult part for foreign students. There are a lot of words with similar pronunciations and meanings, but they have essential differences. So, many students get confused when trying to use such words in daily life. Today we are going to talk about how to use the“的, 地, and得” in Chinese. The pronunciation of these three word is the same. All are pronounced “de” with the natural tone, but they are different words in writing.
Next let’s see how to distinguish them in written form.
1.“的” is a structural auxiliary word attached at the back of an attributive modifier. It is a kind of symbol of attributive.
Dì di de xié zǐ hěn liú xínɡ.
Tā de xīn yīfu hěn piào liɑnɡ.
Xīn de xiézǐ zài zhèlǐ.
ɡānxǐ de yīfu ná huílái le.
干洗 的衣服拿 回来了。
Zhè shì zuótiān ná qù ɡānxǐ de yīfu.
2.“地” is a structural auxiliary word attached at the back of the adverbial modifier. It is a kind of symbol of adverbials.
Tónɡ shì men dōu rè liè de huān yínɡ zhè ɡe wài ɡuó láo bǎn.
Wǒ men nǔ lì de xué xí hàn yǔ.
Mènɡ xiǎnɡ xūyào yíbùyibù de shíxiàn。
3.“得” is a structural auxiliary word attached at the back of the verb or adjective, the front of complement . It is a kind of symbol of complement.
(Attached to a verb)
Tā měi tiān dōu qǐ de hěn zǎo.
Tā hànyǔ shuō de hěn búcuò.
Tā hànzì xiě de hěn piào liɑnɡ.
Good luck in learning how to use “de” in Chinese. We hope that this helps. If you still have questions, contact us here and let me help you now!