Hanbridge Mandarin's Blog

飞天(Feitian)——莫高窟(Mogao Caves)

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The Mogao Caves or Mogao Grottoes (Chinese: 莫高窟; pinyin: Mògāo kū), which is included in Chinese culture course, also known as the Caves of the Thousand Buddhas (Chinese: 千佛洞; pinyin: qiān fó dòng), form a system of 492 temples 25 km (16 mi) southeast of the center of Dunhuang, an oasis strategically located at a religious and cultural crossroads on the Silk Road, in Gansu province, China. The caves may also be known as the Dunhuang Caves, however, this term is also used to include other Buddhist cave sites in the Dunhuang area, such as the Western Thousand Buddha Caves, and the Yulin Caves farther away. The caves contain some of the finest examples of Buddhist art spanning a period of 1,000 years.The first caves were dug out 366 CE as places of Buddhist meditation and worship.The Mogao Caves are the best known of the Chinese Buddhist grottoes and, along with Longmen Grottoes and Yungang Grottoes, are one of the three famous ancient Buddhist sculptural sites of China.

莫高窟,俗称千佛洞,坐落在河西走廊西端的敦煌,以精美的壁画和塑像闻名于世。它始建于十六国的前秦时期,历经十六国、北朝、隋、唐、五代、西夏、元等历代的兴建,形成巨大的规模,现有洞窟735个,壁画4.5万平方米、泥质彩塑2415尊,是世界上现存规模最大、内容最丰富的佛教艺术地。近代以来,又发现了藏经洞,内有5万余件古代文物,并衍生出了一门专门研究藏经洞典籍和敦煌艺术的学科——敦煌学。但莫高窟在近代以来受到许多人为的损伤,文物大量流失,其完整性已被严重破坏。1961年,莫高窟被中华人民共和国国务院公布为第一批全国重点文物保护单位之一。1987年,莫高窟被列为世界文化遗产。

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