Basic Chinese Phrases & Word List

Posted by Lilian Li on 11/11/2015 7:39 PM 1207

basic chinese phrase

Mandarin is spoken by about 870 million people as a first language. An additional 180 million or so people speak Mandarin as a second language – putting the total number of speakers is over 1 billion.

Mandarin is known as the 'common language' in China, 'national language' in Taiwan, and as the 'Chinese language' in Singapore and Malaysia.

Here are some basic phrases to get you started in what is quickly becoming the world’s most “common language.”

Hanbridge Mandarin's Daily Chinese Course is the fastest path to help you get the daily Chinese and able to communicate in many social and informational situations with confidence.

Basic Chinese phrases used in daily life:
早(zǎo)上(shang)好(hǎo)!Good morning
晚(wǎn)上(shang)好(hǎo)!Good evening
好(hǎo)久(jiǔ)不(bú)见(jiàn)!Long time to see
谢(xiè)谢(xiè)!Thank you
不(bú)客(kè)气(qì)!You are welcome
没(méi)关(guān)系(xi)!No problem!
请(qǐng)进(jìn) Please come in!
请(qǐng)坐(zuò) Please sit
再(zài)见(jiàn)Good bye

Basic Chinese phrases of self introduction
我(wǒ)叫(jiào)。。。 My name is….
我(wǒ)是(shì)中(zhōng)国(guó)人(rén)。 I am Chinese
我(wǒ)是(shì)经(jīng)理(lǐ)。 I am a manager
认(rèn)识(shi)你(nǐ)我(wǒ)很(hěn)高(gāo)兴(xìng)。Nice to meet you!
认(rèn)识(shi)你(nǐ)我(wǒ)也(yě)很(hěn)高(gāo)兴(xìng)。Nice to meet you too!
美(měi)国(guó) USA
日(rì)本(běn) Japan
英(yīng)国(guó) United Kingdom
法(fǎ)国(guó) France
德(dé)国(guó) Germany
韩(hán)国(guó) South Korea
老(lǎo)板(bǎn) boss
老(lǎo)师(shī) teacher
秘(mì)书(shū) secretary
医(yī)生(shēng) doctor
工(gōng)程(chéng)师(shī) engineer
司(sī)机(jī) driver

Basic Chinese phrases of time and dates
A: 现(xiàn)在(zài)几(jǐ)点(diǎn)? What time is it now?
B: 现(xiàn)在(zài)10点(diǎn)半(bàn)。 It’s half past ten now.
A: 今(jīn)天(tiān)星(xīng)期(qī)几(jǐ)? What day is it today?
B: 今(jīn)天(tiān)星(xīng)期(qī)二(èr)。 Today is Tuesday.
星(xīng)期(qī)日(rì) Sunday
星(xīng)期(qī)一(yī) Monday
星(xīng)期(qī)二(èr) Tuesday
星(xīng)期(qī)四(sì) Thursday
星(xīng)期(qī)五(wǔ) Friday
星(xīng)期(qī)六(liù) Saturday
周(zhōu)末(mò) Weekend

At Hanbridge Mandarin, we’d love to help you improve your Mandarin level. Contact us to today to schedule a trial lesson.

About The Author

Lilian Li

Lilian has a master’s degree in linguistics and didactics from Rennes University in France. An expert in linguistics and educational psychology, she has taught Chinese as a foreign language for several years, primarily in France. Her classes follow a logical and thorough path to ensure students build a methodology of learning that will continue to help them improve their language ability. She likes jogging, swimming, partying, and hang out with friends! Learn Chinese online with Lilian Li >>