Food and Drink Vocabulary in Chinese

Posted by Julia Song on 24/02/2016 12:02 AM 1771

Chinese people so love to eat that there’s a funny saying: all animals fly in the sky, run on the land and even swim in the water can be the delicacies on Chinese table. You must want to have a taste of the Chinese food when hear it, but how can you tell the restaurant waiter or your Chinese friend the food you want to eat? Or how to buy food from market when you want to cook Chinese food by yourself?

Take a close look at the Chinese vocabulary list for different types of food below.

蔬菜(shū cài)
Vegetables in Chinese

Chinese    Pinyin    English
玉米 yù mǐ Corn
土豆        tǔ dòu Potato
生姜        shēng jiāng Ginger
大蒜      dà suàn Garlic
豆       dòu Bean
西兰花            xī lán huā Broccoli
黄瓜   huáng guā Cucumber
韭菜  jiǔ cài Leek
蘑菇      mó gū Mushroom
木耳 mù ěr Agarics
青椒        qīng jiāo Green pepper
辣椒         là jiāo Pepper
西红柿         xī hóng shì Tomato
茄子         qié zǐ Aborigine
萝卜         luó bo Radish
芋头         yù tóu Taro
白菜         bái cài Cabbage
菠菜       bō cài  Spinach
南瓜         nán guā Pumpkin
苦瓜         kǔ guā Bitter gourd

肉(ròu)
Meat in Chinese

Chinese    Pinyin    English
猪肉         zhū ròu Pork
鸡肉         jī ròu Chicken
火鸡         huǒ jī Turkey
鸡翅膀         jī chì bǎng Chicken wing
鸭肉       yā ròu Duck
鹅肉         é ròu Goose
狗肉         gǒu ròu Dog meat
牛肉         niú ròu Beef
鱼        Fish
虾         xiā Shrimp
火腿         huǒ tuǐ Ham
热狗         rè gǒu Hot dog
羊肉         yáng ròu Mutton
兔子肉        tù zǐ ròu Rabbit meat

水果(shuǐ guǒ)
Fruit in Chinese

Chinese    Pinyin    English
苹果   píng guǒ Apple
香蕉      xiāng jiāo Banana
芒果   máng guǒ Mango
葡萄       pú táo Grape
橙子 chéng zǐ Orange
草莓         cǎo méi  Strawberry
西瓜         xī guā Melon
樱桃   yīng táo Cherry
柑橘   gān jú Mandarin
桃子 táo zǐ Peach
梨         Pear
蓝莓       lán méi    Blueberry
椰子       yē zǐ Coconut
奇异果  qí yì guǒ Kiwi
柠檬   níng méng Lemon
牛油果         niú yóu guǒ Avocado
菠萝         bō luó Pineapple
石榴       shí liú Pomegranate

饮料(yǐn liào)
Drink

Chinese    Pinyin    English
茶       chá Tea
牛奶  niú nǎi Milk
奶茶 nǎi chá Milky tea
咖啡 kā fēi Coffee
汽水 qì shuǐ Pop
可口可乐 kě kǒu kě lè Cocoa
雪碧       xuě bì Sprite
果汁      guǒ zhī Fruit juice
柠檬水       níng méng shuǐ Lemonade
啤酒         pí jiǔ Beer
白酒       bái jiǔ White spirits
红酒        hóng jiǔ Red wine

面食(miàn shi)
Flour Food in Chinese

In northern China, people are adept at making flour food. Flour food are always served as breakfast, but sometimes it could be the festival food, here’s an example, Chinese like to eat dumplings on midwinter and the Spring Festival. Now, let’s see what delicious Chinese flour foods you should taste.
  flour food in chinese

Now, you have mastered almost all the basic Chinese food vocabulary, the next thing you should do is to eat, eat, eat! !
 
In the video below, Clarice Zhao, one of the most excellent teachers of Hanbridge Mandarin, will teach you how to order food in Chinese.

Hope you enjoy Chinese food and enjoy your life in China! :D

About The Author

Julia Song

Julia’s cheerful attitude and close attention to her students’ progress make her an excellent Mandarin teacher for students of all levels. Holding a bachelor’s degree in language instruction and several years’ teaching experience, Julia excels at linguistic pedagogy and one-on-one instruction. Learn Chinese online with Julia Song >>

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