Learn Chinese Vocabulary for Countries
Posted by Lilian Li on 2016-02-25 18:00:25 2231

learn Chinese vocabulary about countries

When introduce yourself to foreigner, it’s unavoidable to mention where you come from. You don’t need to spend a lot of effort to learn how to tell others what your nationality is in Chinese, the guide below is easy to follow.  

First of all, learn how to write and pronounce the name of your country in Chinese Mandarin.

Basic Chinese Words for Countries

ChinesePinyinEnglish
 阿富汗 ā fù hàn  Afghanistan 
 阿根廷 ā gēn tíng Argentina  
 澳大利亚 ào dà lì yà  Australia  
 比利时 bǐ lì shí Belgium  
 玻利维亚 bō lì wéi yà  Bolivia  
 巴西 bā xī  Brazil
 柬埔寨 jiǎn pǔ zhài Cambodia  
 喀麦隆 kā mài lóng Cameroon  
 加拿大 jiā ná dà Canada
 智利 zhì lì Chile
 中国 zhōng guó China
 哥伦比亚 gē lún bǐ yà Colombia
 哥斯达黎加 gē sī dá lí jiā Costa Rica
 古巴 gǔ bā Cuba
 丹麦 dān mài Denmark
 多米尼加 duō mǐ ní jiā Dominican Republic
 厄瓜多尔 è guā duō ěr Ecuador
 埃及 āi jí Egypt
 萨尔瓦多 sà ěr wǎ duō El Salvador
 英格兰 yīng gé lán England
 爱沙尼亚 ài shā ní yà Estonia
 埃塞俄比亚 āi sāi é bǐ yà Ethiopia
 芬兰 fēn lán Finland
 法国 fǎ guó France
 德国 dé guó Germany
 加纳 jiā nà Ghana
 希腊 xī là Greece
 危地马拉 wēi dì mǎ lā Guatemala
 海地 hǎi dì Haiti
 洪都拉斯 hóng dōu lā sī Honduras
 印尼 yìn ní Indonesia
 伊朗 yī lǎng Iran
 爱尔兰 ài ěr lán Ireland
 以色列 yǐ sè liè Israel
 意大利 yì dà lì Italy
 日本 rì běn Japan
 约旦 yuē dàn Jordan
 肯尼亚 kěn ní yà Kenya
 韩国 hán guó Korea
 老挝 lǎo wō Laos
 拉脱维亚 lā tuō wéi yà Latvia
 立陶宛 lì táo wǎn Lithuania
 马来西亚 mǎ lái xī yà Malaysia
 墨西哥 mò xī gē Mexico
 摩洛哥 mó luò gē Morocco
 荷兰 hé lán Netherlands
 新西兰 xīn xī lán New Zealand
 尼加拉瓜 ní jiā lā guā Nicaragua
 挪威 nuó wēi Norway
 巴拿马 bā ná mǎ Panama
 巴拉圭 bā lā guī Paraguay
 秘鲁 mì lǔ Peru    
 菲律宾 fēi lǜ bīn Philippines
 波兰 bō lán Poland     
 葡萄牙 pú táo yá Portugal     
 波多黎各 bō duō lí gè Portugal     
 罗马尼亚 luó mǎ ní yà Romania     
 俄罗斯 é luó sī Russia   
 沙特 shā tè Saudi
 西班牙 xī bān yá Spain
 瑞典 ruì diǎn Sweden
 瑞士 ruì shì Switzerland    
 台湾 tái wān Taiwan  
 塔吉克斯坦 tǎ jí kè sī tǎn Tajikistan  
 泰国 tài guó Thailand   
 土耳其 tǔ ěr qí Turkey   
 乌克兰 wū kè lán Ukraine    
 美国 měi guó United States
 乌拉圭 wū lā guī Uruguay
 委内瑞拉 wěi nèi ruì lā Venezuela   
 越南 yuè nán Vietnam
 威尔士 wēi ěr shì Vietnam

Learn How to Tell Your country in Chinese.

Actually, the Chinese expression of where you are coming from is similar with English. Let's start with some simple dialogs

Dialog 1:
A: 你来自哪里?nǐ lái zì nǎ lǐ

Where are you from?

B: 我来自美国。wǒ lái zì měi guó

I’m from America.

The rule is:
我来自+国家名称
I’m from + the name of your country

Of course, you can talk more details, especially toward to those people you have a favorable impression, for example:
我来自美国芝加哥州。wǒ lái zì měi guó zhī jiā gē zhōu

I am from Chicago, IL in America.

Dialog 2:
A: 你是哪里人?nǐ shì nǎ lǐ rén

Where are you come from?
B: 我是美国人。wǒ shì měi guó rén

I am American.

The rule is:
我是+国家+
I’m + country + person

Please Note: Nationality (国籍guó jí) is a formal word used in written Chinese or when filling out the form of the immigration to China. Therefore, don’t say so: 我的国籍是中国。(My nationality is China.), the correct answer is: 我是中国人。(I’m Chinese).

Well, 我是中国人(I’m Chinese), 我来自中国(I’m from China). What about you? Tell me in Chinese!

I'm Lilian Li, a Chinese teacher from Hanbridge Mandarin, I'm good at teaching daily Chinese, business Chinese, HSK preparation and Kid's Chinese. If you're interested to learn Chinese with me, here to get started!

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