Learn Chinese Vocabulary for Countries

Posted by Lilian Li on 25/02/2016 2:00 AM 1723

learn Chinese vocabulary about countries

When introduce yourself to foreigner, it’s unavoidable to mention where you come from. You don’t need to spend a lot of effort to learn how to tell others what your nationality is in Chinese, the guide below is easy to follow.  

First of all, learn how to write and pronounce the name of your country in Chinese Mandarin.

Basic Chinese Words for Countries

Chinese Pinyin English
 阿富汗  ā fù hàn   Afghanistan 
 阿根廷  ā gēn tíng  Argentina  
 澳大利亚  ào dà lì yà   Australia  
 比利时  bǐ lì shí  Belgium  
 玻利维亚  bō lì wéi yà   Bolivia  
 巴西  bā xī   Brazil
 柬埔寨  jiǎn pǔ zhài  Cambodia  
 喀麦隆  kā mài lóng  Cameroon  
 加拿大  jiā ná dà  Canada
 智利  zhì lì  Chile
 中国  zhōng guó  China
 哥伦比亚  gē lún bǐ yà  Colombia
 哥斯达黎加  gē sī dá lí jiā  Costa Rica
 古巴  gǔ bā  Cuba
 丹麦  dān mài  Denmark
 多米尼加  duō mǐ ní jiā  Dominican Republic
 厄瓜多尔  è guā duō ěr  Ecuador
 埃及  āi jí  Egypt
 萨尔瓦多  sà ěr wǎ duō  El Salvador
 英格兰  yīng gé lán  England
 爱沙尼亚  ài shā ní yà  Estonia
 埃塞俄比亚  āi sāi é bǐ yà  Ethiopia
 芬兰  fēn lán  Finland
 法国  fǎ guó  France
 德国  dé guó  Germany
 加纳  jiā nà  Ghana
 希腊  xī là  Greece
 危地马拉  wēi dì mǎ lā  Guatemala
 海地  hǎi dì  Haiti
 洪都拉斯  hóng dōu lā sī  Honduras
 印尼  yìn ní  Indonesia
 伊朗  yī lǎng  Iran
 爱尔兰  ài ěr lán  Ireland
 以色列  yǐ sè liè  Israel
 意大利  yì dà lì  Italy
 日本  rì běn  Japan
 约旦  yuē dàn  Jordan
 肯尼亚  kěn ní yà  Kenya
 韩国  hán guó  Korea
 老挝  lǎo wō  Laos
 拉脱维亚  lā tuō wéi yà  Latvia
 立陶宛  lì táo wǎn  Lithuania
 马来西亚  mǎ lái xī yà  Malaysia
 墨西哥  mò xī gē  Mexico
 摩洛哥  mó luò gē  Morocco
 荷兰  hé lán  Netherlands
 新西兰  xīn xī lán  New Zealand
 尼加拉瓜  ní jiā lā guā  Nicaragua
 挪威  nuó wēi  Norway
 巴拿马  bā ná mǎ  Panama
 巴拉圭  bā lā guī  Paraguay
 秘鲁  mì lǔ  Peru    
 菲律宾  fēi lǜ bīn  Philippines
 波兰  bō lán  Poland     
 葡萄牙  pú táo yá  Portugal     
 波多黎各  bō duō lí gè  Portugal     
 罗马尼亚  luó mǎ ní yà  Romania     
 俄罗斯  é luó sī  Russia   
 沙特  shā tè  Saudi
 西班牙  xī bān yá  Spain
 瑞典  ruì diǎn  Sweden
 瑞士  ruì shì  Switzerland    
 台湾  tái wān  Taiwan  
 塔吉克斯坦  tǎ jí kè sī tǎn  Tajikistan  
 泰国  tài guó  Thailand   
 土耳其  tǔ ěr qí  Turkey   
 乌克兰  wū kè lán  Ukraine    
 美国  měi guó  United States
 乌拉圭  wū lā guī  Uruguay
 委内瑞拉  wěi nèi ruì lā  Venezuela   
 越南  yuè nán  Vietnam
 威尔士  wēi ěr shì  Vietnam

Learn How to Tell Your country in Chinese.

Actually, the Chinese expression of where you are coming from is similar with English. Let's start with some simple dialogs

Dialog 1:
A: 你来自哪里?nǐ lái zì nǎ lǐ

Where are you from?

B: 我来自美国。wǒ lái zì měi guó

I’m from America.

The rule is:
我来自+国家名称
I’m from + the name of your country

Of course, you can talk more details, especially toward to those people you have a favorable impression, for example:
我来自美国芝加哥州。wǒ lái zì měi guó zhī jiā gē zhōu

I am from Chicago, IL in America.

Dialog 2:
A: 你是哪里人?nǐ shì nǎ lǐ rén

Where are you come from?
B: 我是美国人。wǒ shì měi guó rén

I am American.

The rule is:
我是+国家+
I’m + country + person

Please Note: Nationality (国籍guó jí) is a formal word used in written Chinese or when filling out the form of the immigration to China. Therefore, don’t say so: 我的国籍是中国。(My nationality is China.), the correct answer is: 我是中国人。(I’m Chinese).

Well, 我是中国人(I’m Chinese), 我来自中国(I’m from China). What about you? Tell me in Chinese!

I'm Lilian Li, a Chinese teacher from Hanbridge Mandarin, I'm good at teaching daily Chinese, business Chinese, HSK preparation and Kid's Chinese. If you're interested to learn Chinese with me, here to get started!

About The Author

Lilian Li

Lilian has a master’s degree in linguistics and didactics from Rennes University in France. An expert in linguistics and educational psychology, she has taught Chinese as a foreign language for several years, primarily in France. Her classes follow a logical and thorough path to ensure students build a methodology of learning that will continue to help them improve their language ability. She likes jogging, swimming, partying, and hang out with friends! Learn Chinese online with Lilian Li >>

backTop-en