If you are searching for basic and easy Chinese words, it probably means you want to learn Chinese fast. I think I can help you by giving you some tips on studying 30 minutes per day.
You need to make some goals. For example, you should be able to read Chinese newspapers, understand a TV show, or have a“normal speed”conversation with any Chinese person.
First, find a Chinese text you would like to read. This could be a text on your computer or a Chinese web page. Pinyin and English definitions are useful if available.
Second, I’ll suggest you watch Chinese television, such as: 我是歌手 woshigeshou, 奔跑吧，兄弟！ benpaoba, xiongdi!, and download some music such as 茉莉花 molihua, 至少还有你 zhishaohaiyouni. 同桌的你 tongzhuodeni, 月亮代表我的心yueliangdaibiaowodexin, 勇气 yongqi, which you can sing slowly and clearly.
Third, try to speak Chinese with local people, even if they try to switch to English (and do not think people don't understand the what you are saying in Chinese, and do not feel shy because of your tones, a little bit of an accent sounds interesting).
In general, to learn Chinese, start with easy words. Not only can you increase your interest, but also improve your overall attitude. After that, you need study the meaning of every character. When we try to memorize Chinese characters one by one, we can learn much faster by studying short sentences for the characters.
I’m not saying anything new. I found this concept useful over and over again and this is the way kids learn a language. Also, Chinese characters change their meaning according to the context. Nowadays, there is no shortage of free resources for learning a language: websites, apps, forums, videos, podcasts, you name it. If you really take an interest in Chinese, open your smart phone, download an app or two, and get started.
Now, let's learn some most common used Chinese easy words.
1. The most frequently used sentences.
The most popular sentence you should know is how to say hello. Because in English, we’d like to say “how are you?” when we meet someone.
A: Nǐhǎo mɑ?
你好吗？ (how are you ?)
B: wǒ hěn hǎo, nǐne?
我很好，你呢？(I’m fine. And you?)
A: wǒ yě hěnhǎo, xièxie!
我也很好，谢谢！(Me too, thank you!)
As you know, Chinese people would like to talk about eating. So there are another very native greetings way in China we will do like this:
A: nǐ chī le mɑ？
你吃了吗？(Have you eaten ?)
B: chīle\ méichī, nǐne?
吃了\ 没吃，你呢？(Yes\no, and you?)
A: wǒ yě chīle\ wǒ yě méi chī.
我也吃了\ 我也没吃。(Me too.)
Then you can talk with them like “what did you eat, what kind of food you like, what’s the best restaurant you know...” and finally you can invite them to have a dinner together if you would like to.
2. Some basic word or phrase you have to know in China.
B: Búkèqi!\ Búyònɡxiè!
不客气！\ 不用谢！(You’re welcome!)
A: Duì bù qǐ!
B: méi ɡuān xi\ méishìr！
没关系\ 没事儿! (It doesn’t matter)
Zàijiàn/ mínɡtiān jiàn!
再见/ 明天见！(See you again/ See you tomorrow!)
Hěn piào liɑnɡ!
很漂亮！(very beautiful\ very pretty!)
Tài ɡuì le!
太贵了! (Too expensive!)
However, the fastest way to learn Chinese is definitely learning from a native Chinese speaking teacher. Hanbridge Mandarin provides the best Chinese teachers who specialized in Teaching Chinese as a Foreign Language majors in famous Chinese universities. They are all very professional and experienced with more than 3 years teaching experience, although some teachers have more than 10 years. Book a FREE trial now to experience their high-quality Chinese teaching service!